What is the Ministry of Education?
Several countries throughout the world possess government departments known as the Ministry of Education. For this article, we will discuss the Ministry of Education of India, also known as the Ministry of Human Resource Development. The Ministry of Education of India is a part of the government of India, responsible for the development of human resources and the educational system in the country.
The Ministry of Education of India is divided into two separate departments: the Department of School Education and Literacy, which is responsible for organizing and funding various aspects of primary education and literacy, and the Department of Higher Education, which deals with secondary and post-secondary educational efforts.
The Ministry of Education, or the Ministry of Human Resources Development, is headed by a minister of cabinet rank as a member of the Council of Ministers. The current head of the Ministry of Education of India is Kapil Sibal; Mr. Sibal is assisted by a single Minister of State, Daggubati Purandeswari, who is officially labeled as the Minister of State for Human Resource Development.
The Department of Ministry of Education basics functions:
Within the Ministry of Education exists the Department of School Education and Literacy. This sub department of the Ministry of Education is responsible for primary education, in both the formal and non-formal setting. The stated goal of the Department of School Education and Literacy aims to offer elementary education across the country; in the simplest of terms, the department aims to create a universal elementary education system.
This department originated as the Indian Education Department in the early 1900s under the British Raj. After the nation gained independence, a full-fledged ministry formed, officially named the ministry of Education, was created in 1947.
This newly formed Ministry of Education was then merged with the newly-established Ministry of Human Resources Development in 1985. Together, these departments aim to achieve universal access and enrollment for all primary education students in the nation, including a universal retention of children up to 14 years of age. In addition to supplying primary education to all citizens of the nation, the department aims to achieve universal retention of children up to 14 years of age, as well as providing substantial improvement in the quality of education to enable all children to achieve proven essentials levels of learning.
The Department of Higher Education, another sub category of the Ministry of Education of India, is responsible for providing and improving secondary and post-secondary educational systems in the country. The department is empowered to offer grants to universities and academic institutions who they deem fit; the issuance of grants is initiated based on the advice of the University Grants Commission of India.